Growing your own weed and become self-sufficient is easy. You’ll no longer have to depend on others about the quality of the weed you smoke, plus, you also gain a fun, new hobby.
While there’s lots of information found on the web about growing marijuana, it is quite hard to find a simple and comprehensive guide that explains how to grow weed in a step by step process. These are the things you need to do to successfully start your first cannabis grow.
If you’re a beginner, it is important to start by learning some of the important theoretical knowledge about how to grow marijuana plants. Reading magazines and books, and watching video clips about growing marijuana can greatly help you build a good foundation before you start your actual grow.
You will also find many cannabis forums showing tips on how to start growing weed from various levels of growers, and from there, you’ll be able to get quick responses regarding your questions. In fact, there are lots of ways you can do to gather information about growing marijuana and it’s up to you to decide which one will work for you.
To start here are the things you need to decide with before you can start with growing your seeds.
Growing Cannabis Indoors and Outdoors?
For a first time grower, we recommend that you start by growing cannabis outdoors so you don’t have to invest in many expensive equipment that are required for growing indoors. Nevertheless, if you worry about legalities or your nosy neighbors, you can grow your plants indoors.
The next step to growing your own marijuana is buying the equipment you need for your grow. They are the following:
Cannabis plants can be planted directly on the ground, but they tend to grow taller and bigger and you’ll become dependent on the weather conditions outside. When grown outdoors, cannabis plants start flowering late summer and if the weather conditions become rainy, your crops will likely fail.
But when you put your plants in pots, you can easily transfer them inside the house in case the weather gets cold or rainy. There are various sizes for your plants and the size really depends on how big or tall your plants will be.
Ideally, cannabis plants are best kept between 1.5 to 3 gallon pots. If you have a lot more space in your grow room, then you can consider bigger pots.
Of course, you will have to use soil for your pots and the choices are abundant. You can find cheap garden soil at garden centers, but this soil does not contain enough nutrients in it so you’ll have to manually supply it.
Good soil is air permeable to allow proper oxygenation of your plants’ roots. You can create your own soil mix if you want and you can add tiny white stones (perlite) to make it lighter. But if don’t want to complicate things further, you can just buy a good soil that’s intended for growing marijuana.
When your pots are filled with soil, of course, you’ll need cannabis seeds. To give your plants a good head start at life, you need to start with good quality seeds from a reputable seed bank.
Most growers start planting cannabis by germinating their seeds. In fact, there are a lot of cannabis germination methods you can use, but the best and easiest way to start only requires two small plates and moist tissues.
To start, here is a simple guide:
- Using the first plate, line the bottom with several layers of moist tissue.
- Place the seeds on top while providing much space for each seeds as possible.
- Place another several layers of moist tissue on top of your cannabis seeds.
- Cover with the second plate to create a moist, dark environment which will hasten germination.
- Make sure to place the plates in a warm room, away from direct sunlight.
- Check the seeds everyday and ensure that the tissues are kept moist by spraying them with water if needed.
- In a few days, the seeds should successfully germinate and display their first white taproot.
- Once the seeds have grown a few millimeters of roots, you can now transfer them in another growing medium—usually soil, coco fiber or rockwool to enhance growth.
- As the new seedlings sprout, they should start receiving enough light until they grow strong enough for their final growing environment.
Nutrients for Cannabis Plants
Generally, good soil has enough nutrients to support the growth of your cannabis plants. However, there are times where in you will have to provide extra nutrients for your plants, especially in their last few weeks to keep them healthy until they reach harvest time.
Liquid nutrition is most preferred by growers as they are easily absorbed by the plant’s roots. Usually, you can buy all sorts of nutrient packages online or at a garden store and they are generally the mixture of Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). If you can find, there are special nutrient packages intended for cannabis growers so you’ll be giving the proper amount of nutrients for your marijuana plants.
Cannabis plants love warm and sunny environment. If you choose to grow plants outdoors, make sure to put them in a place where there is less shade so they can take advantage of the sun. However, if you grow your plants indoors, you’ll have to invest in a grow light.
Grow lamps for growing cannabis have various wattages. You can choose between 400, 600 or 1000 watt grow lights. Personally, I use High Pressure Sodium lamps inside my grow room.
Once your grow lights are settled, you’ll have to set up an extraction system that has activated carbon filter. An extraction system replaces used air inside your grow room with fresh air while carbon filters are designed to neutralize odors released by marijuana plants during their blooming period.
Just like with lamps, carbon filters should also be replaced regularly or on a yearly basis.
So far, these are all the technical information you can use when you start growing cannabis. Once you have acquired all the equipment you need, whether you’re planning an indoor or outdoor grow, you will have to order your cannabis seeds. Make sure to start by ordering cannabis seeds online from a trusted company.